Some Observations and Thoughts about Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface Application for 5G Evolution and 6G
Release Date：2022-03-16 Author：HOU Xiaolin, LI Xiang, WANG Xin, CHEN Lan, SUYAMA Satoshi Click：
Coded Orthogonal Time Frequency Space Modulation
HOU Xiaolin1,LI Xiang1, WANG Xin1, CHEN Lan1, SUYAMA Satoshi2
(1. DOCOMO Beijing Communications Laboratories Co., Ltd., Beijing 100190, China;
2. NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo 239-8536, Japan)
Reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) is one of the hottest research topics for 5G evolution and 6G. It is expected that RIS can improve the system capacity and coverage with low cost and power consumption. This paper first discusses typical applications of RIS for 5G evolution and 6G, including RIS-aided smart channels and RIS-aided mega multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO). Then, several observations from RIS trials and system-level simulations are presented, especially those on the deployment strategy and the potential performance gain of RIS for coverage enhancement. The near-field effect and a two-step dynamic RIS beamforming method are also discussed. Finally, we summarize the challenges and opportunities of the RIS technology for 5G evolution and 6G, including hardware design, system and channel modeling, algorithm design and optimization, and standardization. We also suggest a step-by-step commercialization strategy as a conclusion.
5G evolution; 6G; beamforming; coverage; RIS