Next Generation Semantic and Spatial Joint Perception—Neural Metric-Semantic Understanding

Release Date:2021-03-15  Author:ZHU Fang  Click:

Next Generation Semantic and Spatial Joint Perception—— Neural Metric-Semantic Understanding

ZHU Fang
(1. State Key Laboratory of Mobile Network and Mobile Multimedia Technology, Shenzhen 518057, China;
2. ZTE Corporation, Shenzhen 518057, China)

Abstract: Efficient perception of the real world is a long-standing effort of computer vision. Modern visual computing techniques have succeeded in attaching semantic labels to thousands of daily objects and reconstructing dense depth maps of complex scenes. However, simultaneous semantic and spatial joint perception, so-called dense 3D semantic mapping, estimating the 3D geometry of a scene and attaching semantic labels to the geometry, remains a challenging problem that, if solved, would make structured vision understanding and editing more widely accessible. Concurrently, progress in computer vision and machine learning has motivated us to pursue the capability of understanding and digitally reconstructing the surrounding world. Neural metric-semantic understanding is a new and rapidly emerging field that combines differentiable machine learning techniques with physical knowledge from computer vision, e.g., the integration of visualinertial simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), mesh reconstruction, and semantic understanding. In this paper, we attempt to summarize the recent trends and applications of neural metric-semantic understanding. Starting with an overview of the underlying computer vision and machine learning concepts, we discuss critical aspects of such perception approaches. Specifically, our emphasis is on fully leveraging the joint semantic and 3D information. Later on, many important applications of the perception capability such as novel view synthesis and semantic augmented reality (AR) contents manipulation are also presented. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of the technical implications of the technology under a 5G edge computing scenario.
Keywords: visual computing; semantic and spatial joint perception; dense 3D semantic mapping; neural metric-semantic understanding

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